WRLC is the Washington Research Library Consortium, which consists of about 13 local libraries (we have a rapid loan agreement between this group of institutions). Look for your widest reach here. The Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, also known as the SPS Or SPS Agreement, is an international treaty of the World Trade Organization (WTO). This research guide focuses on the multilateral trading system managed by the World Trade Organization. It also contains information on regional and bilateral trade agreements, in particular those to which the United States has acceded. Under the SPS Agreement, the WTO imposes restrictions on Member States` food safety policies (bacterial contaminants, pesticides, inspection and labelling) and animal and plant health policies (phytosanitation) with respect to imported pests and diseases. There are 3 standards organizations that set standards on which WTO members should base their SPS methods. According to Article 3, these are the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex), the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Secretariat of the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). The texts of the other agreements are available on the WTO Legal Texts website.
In addition, the following resources could prove useful: in 2003, the US challenged a series of EU laws restricting the import of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) in a dispute known as EC-Biotech, on the grounds that they were “unjustifiable” and illegal under the SPS Agreement. In May 2006, the WTO`s Dispute Settlement Body issued a complex decision that challenged some aspects of EU GMO rules, but rejected many of the claims made by the US. A summary of the decision can be found here. The SPS Agreement is closely linked to the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade, which was signed in the same year and pursues similar objectives. The TBT is the result of the WTO TOKYO Round of negotiations and was negotiated with the aim of ensuring non-discrimination in the adoption and implementation of technical regulations and standards.  (d) the accession and participation of the Member or entities concerned in its territory in international and regional sanitary and phytosanitary organizations and systems, as well as in bilateral and multilateral agreements and arrangements falling within the scope of this Convention, and the text of such agreements and arrangements. 3. This Convention is without prejudice to the rights of Members under other international instruments, including the right to use the good offices or dispute settlement mechanisms of other international organizations or established under an international agreement. Some of the most frequently cited agreements are listed below, with corresponding citations: 1.
Members shall ensure that all adopted sanitary and phytosanitary regulations (5) are published without delay so that interested Members can become familiar with them. (a) those procedures are carried out and completed without delay and at least favourable to imported products than to like domestic products; (b) inform the other members, through the Secretariat, of the products covered by the Regulation, together with a brief indication of the purpose and justification of the proposal for a Regulation. Such notifications shall be made at an early stage, where changes can still be made and comments can still be taken into account; 4. Members shall ensure that copies of the documents requested by interested Members are made available at the same price (if any), other than delivery costs, as the nationals (6) of the Member concerned. .